According to 2020 data, a total of 90,614 IDP families are registered and total number of IDPs amounted to 286,811.
For Georgia care to IDPs, their resettlement and improvement of their socio-economic conditions is a priority. Accordingly, the funds allocated from the state budget are increasing every year.
In 2014, a new law on IDPs came into force, which fully complies with international standards and stipulates the creation of safe and dignified living conditions for IDPs before their return to their places of permanent residence. Since the enactment of the law, IDPs shall not be evicted from a living accommodation in his/her lawful possession, which has been one of the main problems for IDP families.
Over the years, the main shortcoming of the IDP families’ resettlement process has been the absence of rules or norms for providing living accommodation.
In 2013, an interagency commission consisting of the Ministry and other government agencies, as well as representatives of the Public Defender’s Office, international and local non-governmental organizations, developed criteria for satisfying IDPs with living accommodation. After 2013, IDP families are being provided with housing in accordance with the criteria for long-term accommodation. Since 2013, more than 21,000 IDP families have already received housing under various programs.
Since 2019, the state policy towards IDPs has been implemented by the IDPs, Eco-Migrants and Livelihood Agency under the state control of the Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, Labor, Health and Social Affairs of Georgia.
The decision to bring together IDP programs under one umbrella was aimed at further increasing the effectiveness of developing targeted programs and projects tailored to the needs of IDPs.
The main priority of the Agency is the resettlement of IDPs and the promotion the improvement of their socio-economic conditions.
The Agency provides living accommodation to IDP families in accordance with the criteria for long-term accommodation. An application filled in by each IDP family is awarded a corresponding score, which is published on the Agency’s website.
The scoring system determines the order – which IDP families need housing first. Monitoring teams will study the scores and the living conditions of the IDP families’ on-spot. Verified applications will be submitted to the IDP Commission for a decision. The decision on the distribution of living accommodations is made by the Commission openly and transparently. Representatives of the Public Defender’s Office and non-governmental organizations are involved in the work of the commission.
At the same time, the priority for the Agency is to close the demolished and life-threatening facilities and resettle the IDP families living there. The commission will unconditionally consider the issue of providing them with living accommodations.
In order to consider the needs and requirements of IDP families, the resettlement process shall have several directions:
Further information on IDP resettlement and social projects can be on Georgian version of the site.